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The Constitution of European Democracy$
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Dieter Grimm

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198805120

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198805120.001.0001

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The Cause of the European Democracy Deficit is Sought in the Wrong Place

The Cause of the European Democracy Deficit is Sought in the Wrong Place

(p.105) 6 The Cause of the European Democracy Deficit is Sought in the Wrong Place
The Constitution of European Democracy

Dieter Grimm

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the proposal that increasing the clout of the European Parliament will solve the EU’s legitimacy problem. It first examines the argument that giving the Parliament the powers national parliaments typically enjoy will enable the EU to gain democratic legitimacy. It then discusses the importance of making a full account of standards, such as representation, in ascertaining whether increasing the powers of the European Parliament will deliver on its promise. It also examines the asymmetry between negative and positive integration as the root of the liberalizing tendency of the European Court of Justice’s jurisprudence. The chapter contends that the EU must develop a self-interest in strong democracy in the Member States, rather than undermining it by increasingly crippling national powers, and calls for an end to the detachment of the European Commission and the ECJ from the democratic processes in the EU and the Member States.

Keywords:   legitimacy, European Parliament, European Union, representation, European Court of Justice, democracy, European Commission

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