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CommandsA Cross-Linguistic Typology$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R. M. W. Dixon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198803225

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198803225.001.0001

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Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Chapter:
(p.206) 10 Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)
Source:
Commands
Author(s):

Valérie Guérin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198803225.003.0010

Commands are pervasive in everyday conversations held in Tayatuk, a Finisterre language of the Morobe province in Papua New Guinea. Imperatives in Tayatuk usually order people around but also frequently express approval. The future and the non-final morphologies can also be recruited as command strategies to express, respectively, a command remote in time and space and an appeal. Formally, imperatives do not constitute a uniform paradigm. Canonical imperatives are expressed by the bare form of the verb (for 2sg) and with dedicated imperative morphology for 2pl and 2du. Non-canonical imperatives (for 1 and 3) borrow morphology from the irrealis paradigm. Negative imperatives form a defective paradigm of their own: a single inflection is used regardless of the person and numbers of the subject. The data suggest that imperatives and prohibitives in Tayatuk form separate clause types.

Keywords:   Papua New Guinea, Finisterre language, bare stem imperatives, dedicated imperative morphology, defective paradigm

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