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The General in WinterThe Marlborough-Godolphin Friendship and the Reign of Anne$
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Frances Harris

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198802440

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198802440.001.0001

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(p.276) 10 1709–1710
The General in Winter

Frances Harris

Oxford University Press

The tenth chapter describes how peace slips from the Allies’ grasp. Louis XIV refuses to join in driving his grandson out of Spain; Marlborough refuses to mediate between the Dutch and the Habsburgs; and the Whig financiers reject a separate peace with France with a campaign to get Spain afterwards. Another battle at Malplaquet fails to solve the impasse. Marlborough withdraws from his diplomatic and ministerial roles. Godolphin, having completed his bargain with the Whigs by getting Orford into the Admiralty, feels himself master of them, but Marlborough contests control of the army with the queen (the Essex regiment crisis) and tries unsuccessfully to use the Whig majority in Parliament to drive Abigail Masham from court. The queen, advised by Harley behind the scenes, is now convinced Marlborough is a threat to her and has turned completely against his wife, though Godolphin retains her confidence.

Keywords:   Duke of Marlborough, Lord Godolphin, peace of 1709, Louis XIV, Malplaquet, Robert Harley, Abigail Masham, Lord Orford, Essex regiment crisis

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