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Socially Extended Epistemology$
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J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, S. Orestis Palermos, and Duncan Pritchard

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198801764

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198801764.001.0001

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Mandevillian Intelligence

Mandevillian Intelligence

From Individual Vice to Collective Virtue

(p.253) 12 Mandevillian Intelligence
Socially Extended Epistemology

Paul R. Smart

Oxford University Press

Mandevillian intelligence is a specific form of collective intelligence in which individual cognitive shortcomings, limitations, and biases play a positive functional role in yielding various forms of collective cognitive success. When this idea is transposed to the epistemological domain, mandevillian intelligence emerges as the idea that individual forms of intellectual vice may, on occasion, support the epistemic performance of some form of multi-agent ensemble, such as a socio-epistemic system, a collective doxastic agent, or an epistemic group agent. As a specific form of collective intelligence, mandevillian intelligence is relevant to a number of debates in social epistemology, especially those that seek to understand how group (or collective) knowledge arises from the interactions between a collection of individual epistemic agents.

Keywords:   Mandevillian intelligence, collective cognitive success, individual vice, group virtue, virtue epistemology

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