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The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition$
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Ragui Assaad and Mongi Boughzala

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198799863

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799863.001.0001

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Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions

Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions

Chapter:
(p.140) 6 Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions
Source:
The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition
Author(s):

Lucia Hanmer

Edinaldo Tebaldi

Dorte Verner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0006

There are significant differences in labor market outcomes by gender in Tunisia. These gender differences differ substantially in the richer coastal and eastern regions and the poorer southern and western regions. This chapter uses the 2014 Tunisia Labor Market Panel Survey (TLMPS) to examine the characteristics of male and female labor market participants in the lagging southern, western, and central regions, and in the leading regions. The chapter also discusses results from an econometric analysis of the factors that influence monthly wages and the probability of employment for men and women respectively. Our results show that gender plays a huge role in labor market outcomes: women are less likely to participate in the labor force, are more likely to be unemployed, and receive lower wages. In addition, youth and educated women in lagging regions are particularly disadvantaged because they are less likely to find a job and may not have the option of moving to places where employment prospects are better. Moreover, our results suggest that wage discrimination against women is prevalent outside the leading region in Tunisia.

Keywords:   Female labor force participation, youth employment, agricultural employment, Maghreb, lagging regions

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