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The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition$
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Ragui Assaad and Mongi Boughzala

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198799863

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799863.001.0001

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Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes

Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes

Chapter:
(p.264) 10 Migration Patterns and Labor Market Outcomes
Source:
The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition
Author(s):

Anda David

Mohamed Ali Marouani

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0010

This chapter focuses on the external effects of emigration on non-migrants, and particularly on the interactions with labor market outcomes in Tunisia before and after the revolution. Using the new Tunisia Labor Market Panel Survey (TLMPS), we conduct an in-depth analysis of the structure and dynamics of migration, including the profile of migrants and their origin households, mainly in terms of skills and spatial composition. We investigate transition matrices, employment status, income for current migrants and returnees, and the evolution of remittances. Our analysis confirms the role of emigration as a safety valve for the Tunisian labor market. Moreover, origin households of migrants have a significantly higher wealth index. Our analysis also tends to confirm the effects of remittances on labor supply of non-migrants, which can have a negative impact on Tunisia’s unemployment rate when a crisis in destination countries affects the remittance rate negatively.

Keywords:   International migration, labor market, remittances, returnees, revolution, Tunisia

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