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Scandalous Error – Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Scandalous Error: Calendar Reform and Calendrical Astronomy in Medieval Europe

C. Philipp E. Nothaft

Abstract

The Gregorian calendar reform of 1582, which provides the basis for the present-day Western civil calendar, has often been portrayed as a triumph of early modern scientific culture and an expression of papal ambition in the wake of the Counter-Reformation. Much less attention has been paid to our calendar’s intellectual and material roots in the European Middle Ages, when the reckoning of time by means of calendrical cycles was a topic of central importance to education and learned culture. For centuries prior to the Gregorian reform, astronomers, mathematicians, theologians, and even Church c ... More

Keywords: calendars, calendar reform, computus, date of Easter, Middle Ages, medieval science, medieval astronomy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780198799559
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198799559.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

C. Philipp E. Nothaft, author
Post-doctoral research fellow, All Souls College, Oxford