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The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic$
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Andrew Payne

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198799023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799023.001.0001

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The Form of the Good II

The Form of the Good II

Dianoia in the Divided Line

Chapter:
(p.175) 9 The Form of the Good II
Source:
The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic
Author(s):

Andrew Payne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0009

This chapter is concerned with the image of the Divided Line, in which dianoia illustrates the use of the image-original relation. Dianoia employs visible objects such as the diagrams used in geometry as images for the purpose of gaining insight into intelligible objects. In the process of making its inquiries, dianoia employs hypotheses as starting points. These hypotheses include but are not limited to the definitions that mathematicians set forth as they make their demonstrations. Philosophers are expected to make a further transition from dianoia to dialectic and thus to move to the highest section of the line. In making this transition, the hypotheses or definitions fashioned by dianoia are taken over by dialectic and used as images of the objects associated with dialectic, the forms.

Keywords:   Form of the Good, Divided Line, image, dianoia, dialectic, hypothesis, definition, geometry

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