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Knowledge, Belief, and GodNew Insights in Religious Epistemology$
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Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne, and Dani Rabinowitz

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198798705

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198798705.001.0001

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Reasoning with Plenitude

Reasoning with Plenitude

Chapter:
(p.169) 8 Reasoning with Plenitude
Source:
Knowledge, Belief, and God
Author(s):

Roger White

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0009

There is a wide variety of religious opinion in the world. Given the way these views conflict, at most only some fraction can be true. Some see this as raising a skeptical problem for religious belief: How can you tell that you are among the lucky few whose religious views are right? Now perhaps, as some scientists insist, our universe is infinite. In an infinite universe we can expect infinite variety. That includes an infinite variety of opinion on every matter under the sun. Take any crazy view you like and in an infinite universe we can expect there to be very smart people out there somewhere—indeed infinitely many of them—who hold that very view. What impact does this have on the epistemological problem of religious diversity? Answer: not much. But most of the fun lies on the route to this deflationary conclusion.

Keywords:   religious disagreement, religious diversity, infinite universe, epistemic luck, epistemology of disagreement

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