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Grammaticalization from a Typological Perspective$
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Heiko Narrog and Bernd Heine

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198795841

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198795841.001.0001

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Grammaticalization in the North Caucasian languages

Grammaticalization in the North Caucasian languages

Chapter:
(p.116) 7 Grammaticalization in the North Caucasian languages
Source:
Grammaticalization from a Typological Perspective
Author(s):

Peter Arkadiev

Timur Maisak

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198795841.003.0007

The chapter presents an overview of selected grammaticalization phenomena in the two branches of the (North) Caucasian languages: the Circassian branch of the Northwest Caucasian family and the Lezgic branch of the Northeast Caucasian family. For the former, we focus on the grammaticalization of body-part nouns as locative applicative prefixes and of motion verbs as suffixes with abstract Aktionsart-like meanings, and on various constructions with auxiliary verbs, showing that rich polysynthetic morphosyntax of Circassian languages provides means to differentiate degrees of integration of such complexes. For the Lezgic languages, we concentrate on the grammaticalization and morphologization of matrix verbs which includes not only well-known cases like copulas and existential verbs becoming auxiliaries in various periphrastic tense-aspect forms—‘do’ becoming a causative auxiliary or ‘say’ becoming a quotative or reportative marker—but also a typologically rare development of the verb ‘see’ into a ‘verificative’ marker ?to find out whether the situation takes place’.

Keywords:   grammaticalization, Caucasian languages, polysynthesis, polygrammaticalization, morphologization, clause union, auxiliaries, spatial marking, quotatives

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