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Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy$
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Cécile Laborde and Aurélia Bardon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794394.001.0001

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Religion, Reason, and Toleration

Religion, Reason, and Toleration

Bayle, Kant—and Us

(p.249) 17 Religion, Reason, and Toleration
Religion in Liberal Political Philosophy

Rainer Forst

Oxford University Press

This chapter compares two Enlightenment theories of religious toleration: the theories of Pierre Bayle and Immanuel Kant. Both Bayle and Kant argued for an autonomous conception of morality as the ground of reciprocal and universal toleration, but they differed in the ways in which they thought of the relation between faith and reason. The chapter discusses how in that latter regard, a Baylean perspective is superior to a Kantian one, whereas it concludes that the Kantian approach has a better way to connect morality and a politics of public justification when it comes to think about a political regime of toleration.

Keywords:   Pierre Bayle, Immanuel Kant, toleration, autonomous morality, faith and reason

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