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Enactivist InterventionsRethinking the Mind$
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Shaun Gallagher

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794325

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794325.001.0001

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The Upright Posture: Its Current Standing

The Upright Posture: Its Current Standing

(p.164) 9 The Upright Posture: Its Current Standing
Enactivist Interventions

Shaun Gallagher

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues to develop the enriched conception of embodiment that fits an enactivist approach to cognition. It discusses recent biological and evolutionary theory concerning the upright posture and the role of human hands, which are free not only to reach and grasp, but also to contribute to the shaping of human rationality. The notion of affordance space can help to discriminate between what changes (of brain, body, environment) belong to evolution as opposed to development or culture, or individual experience. This analysis relates to the pragmatic concept of manipulatory area (Mead), which contributes to an understanding of the roles of tools, technology, and intersubjectivity in cognition.

Keywords:   evolution, upright posture, hand, affordance space, manipulatory area

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