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Enactivist InterventionsRethinking the Mind$
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Shaun Gallagher

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794325

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794325.001.0001

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Variations on Embodied Cognition

Variations on Embodied Cognition

Chapter:
(p.26) 2 Variations on Embodied Cognition
Source:
Enactivist Interventions
Author(s):

Shaun Gallagher

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198794325.003.0002

This chapter maps out a range of embodied cognition (EC) theories, starting with ‘weak EC’, which focuses on body-formatted representations and the neural reuse hypothesis, and remains close to traditional cognitivist conceptions of the mind. This approach to EC is then contrasted to functionalist proposals for extended mind, to a biological model of EC, and finally to enactivist proposals. Each section includes discussions of the empirical evidence for these approaches. The chapter concludes by arguing that weak EC’s representationalist conception of brain function is not compatible with the more radical conceptions of EC, which suggest that we rethink how the brain works within a dynamical brain–body–environment system.

Keywords:   B-formatted representation, neural reuse, extended mind, proprioception, homeostasis, action orientation, dynamical system

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