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The Biblical Canon Lists from Early ChristianityTexts and Analysis$
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Edmon L. Gallagher and John D. Meade

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198792499

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198792499.001.0001

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The Development of the Christian Biblical Canon

The Development of the Christian Biblical Canon

A Survey of the Early Period

(p.1) 1 The Development of the Christian Biblical Canon
The Biblical Canon Lists from Early Christianity

Edmon L. Gallagher

John D. Meade

Oxford University Press

In order to provide context for the presentation of the canon lists, here we introduce the major stages in canon history, the data relevant to each stage, and the prominent scholarly theories regarding the development of the biblical canon. Our goal is not to advocate for one particular view, but to help readers understand the significance of the canon lists. We begin by looking at the Old Testament, investigatng how the books came to be accepted as authoritative and whether there might have been a diversity of biblical canons in ancient Judaism. Turning to the New Testament, we examine the evidence for the reception of each section of the New Testament, starting with the Gospels, then the Pauline letters, the Catholic Epistles, the book of Acts, and finally Revelation.

Keywords:   Old Testament Canon, New Testament Canon, Prologue to Sirach, Dead Sea Scrolls, Qumran, Septuagint, Tradition, Marcion, Irenaeus, Justin Martyr

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