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The Land Question in IndiaState, Dispossession, and Capitalist Transition$
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Anthony P. D'Costa and Achin Chakraborty

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198792444

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198792444.001.0001

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Land Grabs, Primitive Accumulation, and Resistance in Neoliberal India

Land Grabs, Primitive Accumulation, and Resistance in Neoliberal India

Persistence of the Self-Employed and Divergence from the “Transition to Capitalism”?

(p.76) 3 Land Grabs, Primitive Accumulation, and Resistance in Neoliberal India
The Land Question in India

Shapan Adnan

Oxford University Press

In order to analyze land alienation in contemporary India, Shapan Adnan follows a theoretical approach in which mechanisms of primitive accumulation are not restricted to use of force, but include land transfer by agreement, as well as indirect mechanisms that are concerned with very different objectives. Reviewing evidence on land grabs, resistance, and workforce trends, he argues that primitive accumulation under neoliberal globalization has not been substantially followed by the absorption of the dispossessed in regular capitalist employment. Adnan puts forward a set of hypotheses to explain why the self-employed constituted at least half or more of the Indian workforce over 1999–2012. While such trends indicate a partial and short-run divergence from the classic Marxian schema of the transition to capitalism, Adnan argues that, given ongoing trends in the national and global economy, the long run outcome in India remains an open question.

Keywords:   primitive accumulation, land grabs, transition to capitalism, neoliberal globalization, resistance, self-employment

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