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Reasoning – New Essays on Theoretical and Practical Thinking | Oxford Scholarship Online
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Reasoning: New Essays on Theoretical and Practical Thinking

Magdalena Balcerak Jackson and Brendan Balcerak Jackson

Abstract

Reasoning is just beginning to emerge as a central topic in its own right in analytic philosophy. One reason for this is the growing interest in the epistemology of inference. What justifies us in making some inferences and not others, and under what conditions does inference lead to justified belief? This growing interest coincides with a “cognitive turn” in epistemology more generally, an increasing awareness that epistemological theorizing should be informed by what we know from psychology and the philosophy of mind. At the same time, analytic philosophers are also beginning to investigate ... More

Keywords: reasoning, inference, rationality, justification, normativity, rule-following, agency, cognitive capacities, intelligence, perception

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198791478
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198791478.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Magdalena Balcerak Jackson, editor
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Miami

Brendan Balcerak Jackson, editor
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Miami

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Contents

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1 Questions about the Nature and Value of Reasoning

Magdalena Balcerak Jackson and Brendan Balcerak Jackson

Part I The Nature of Reasoning

Reasoning as a Mental Process

Reasoning and Agency

Part II The Value of Reasoning

Rules for Reasoning

10 With Power Comes Responsibility

Magdalena Balcerak Jackson and Brendan Balcerak Jackson

Reasoning and Reasons

11 When Rational Reasoners Reason Differently

Michael G. Titelbaum and Matthew Kopec

12 The Epistemic Innocence of Optimistically Biased Beliefs

Lisa Bortolotti, Magdalena Antrobus, and Ema Sullivan-Bissett

13 Sovereign Agency

Matthew Noah Smith

End Matter