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The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces$
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Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790501.001.0001

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Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Weapons

Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Weapons

Chapter:
(p.727) 42 Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Weapons
Source:
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces
Author(s):

Ulrich Kühn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198790501.003.0043

This chapter discusses the military- and defence-related capabilities and policies of Western Europe’s major powers (Germany, France, United Kingdom), of the NATO alliance, the Russian Federation, and Austria in the realm of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons (weapons of mass destruction (WMD)). It focuses on the differing roles, positions, and security policy outlooks of these actors, with a special emphasis on their respective policies towards nuclear weapons. Particularly in the realm of nuclear weapons, the situation on the European continent is extremely diverse and complex, with officially recognized nuclear-weapons states, non-nuclear-weapons states under NATO’s ‘nuclear umbrella’, and staunch supporters of a world free from nuclear weapons. Highlighting converging and diverging international policy trends, the chapter concludes that European security policies on WMD continue to have a significant impact on related global security and defence matters.

Keywords:   WMD, nuclear, biological, chemical, NATO, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Austria

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