Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790501.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 25 June 2019

Cyber Defence

Cyber Defence

Chapter:
(p.658) 38 Cyber Defence
Source:
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces
Author(s):

Lucas Kello

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198790501.003.0039

Europe confronts an enormous cyber threat. The continent hosted the first international cyber crisis—the 2007 attacks by Russian political activists that crashed computer infrastructures in Estonia. Large European nations such as the UK and France focus their defensive efforts on proactive measures, which seek to neutralize threats before they materialize. Another tool of large powers is deterrence by punishment, an attempt to prevent hostile action with the pledge of severe reprisal. Smaller powers, by contrast, lack the resources necessary to implement proactive measures or deterrence. They focus instead on reactive methods such as resiliency and redundancy, which seek to absorb the damage of attack. They strive to prevent major cyberattacks by participating in regional organizations such as NATO. Whatever their differences in doctrinal approach, European nations small and large confront a common challenge: how to defeat a novel threat in the absence of conclusive experience on which to revise strategy.

Keywords:   Cyber, Internet, deterrence, strategy, doctrine, resiliency, redundancy

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .