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The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces$
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Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790501.001.0001

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Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Chapter:
(p.407) 23 Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Source:
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces
Author(s):

Matthias Bieri

Christian Nünlist

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198790501.003.0024

The Ukraine crisis serves as a tragic reminder of how fragile European security still is—twenty-five years after the cold war ended. As the only inclusive European security organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) once more demonstrates how useful cooperative security instruments can be to de-escalate international tensions. This chapter focuses on the OSCE’s contribution to cooperative security in Europe after 1990, in particular in the field of conventional arms control and the building of confidence and security between European armed forces. It reviews the arms-control regime in Europe and explains why military transparency as achieved with the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), the Vienna Document, and the Treaty on Open Skies is again needed in a post-2014 security environment. The chapter also highlights that, while the Ukraine crisis underscored its need for reform, adapting the arms-control regime in Europe has become even more difficult.

Keywords:   OSCE, conventional arms control, European security, Ukraine crisis, CFE Treaty, Treaty on Open Skies, Vienna Document, cooperative security

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