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The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces$
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Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790501.001.0001

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Greece, Cyprus, and Albania

Greece, Cyprus, and Albania

Chapter:
(p.313) 17 Greece, Cyprus, and Albania
Source:
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces
Author(s):

Dionysios Chourchoulis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198790501.003.0018

This chapter examines the development of the defence policies of Greece, Cyprus, and Albania. Worried about Turkey’s pressure and perceived revisionist goals mainly in the Aegean Sea, Greece has maintained powerful armed forces since the end of the cold war. Greek–Turkish tension has been eased, while Greece has reorganized the Hellenic Armed Forces and contributes a NATO Rapid Deployable Corps (the NRDC-GR), but it has significantly reduced its military budget. Along with Cyprus, which always seeks to hold a minimal balance of forces in the divided island, it faces additional challenges emanating from endemic instability in the wider region. A recent development of great significance was the establishment of a Greek–Cypriot–Israeli political and military cooperation. As for Albania, during the 1990s its small military apparatus virtually collapsed, but since the early 2000s the country has eventually opted for NATO membership (officially joining the alliance in 2009), and the Albanian Armed Forces has launched an ambitious modernization programme.

Keywords:   Greek–Turkish tension, Aegean Sea, Hellenic Armed Forces, Greek–Cypriot–Israeli military cooperation, NRDC-GR, Albanian armed forces

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