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Metacognitive DiversityAn Interdisciplinary Approach$
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Joëlle Proust and Martin Fortier

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198789710

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198789710.001.0001

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Depletion and deprivation

Depletion and deprivation

Social functional pathways to a shared metacognition

(p.319) Chapter 15 Depletion and deprivation
Metacognitive Diversity

Uffe Schjødt

Jeppe Sinding Jensen

Oxford University Press

Religious beliefs represent striking examples of culturally transmitted ideas that guide individual metacognition. This chapter examines how religious practices facilitate the adoption of such beliefs. Beginning with the two simple assumptions that effective metacognition requires (1) considerable attentional and executive resources and (2) access to interpretive frameworks, it is noted that these vary across contexts. Many characteristic features of religious practices appear to limit the cognitive resources required for individual metacognition. It is proposed that such features may in fact be designed to facilitate the adoption of a shared metacognition. Using a predictive coding framework, two pathways for this process are analyzed: depletion and deprivation. Finally, the philosophical implications for social functional accounts of shared metacognition are discussed in light of human evolution.

Keywords:   metacognition, religion, rituals, predictive coding, cognitive resource depletion, sensory deprivation

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