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International Adjudication on TrialThe Effectiveness of the WTO Dispute Settlement System$
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Sivan Shlomo Agon

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788966

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198788966.001.0001

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Escaping the Illegitimacy Net

Escaping the Illegitimacy Net

Between Turtles and Shrimps on the High Seas

Chapter:
(p.104) 5 Escaping the Illegitimacy Net
Source:
International Adjudication on Trial
Author(s):

Sivan Shlomo Agon

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198788966.003.0007

This chapter engages in an in-depth, legal-empirical analysis of the landmark US-Shrimp dispute, the first case study examined under the category of trade-and disputes. The chapter begins with a short overview of the disputed measure at issue in US-Shrimp. It then discusses the infamous panel ruling rendered in the case and the intense legitimacy challenges the ruling ignited against the backdrop of the mounting criticism levelled at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the late 1990s. On these foundations, the chapter turns to a comprehensive goal-based reading of the judicial endeavours carried out by the Appellate Body in US-Shrimp along the procedural, substantive, and rhetorical dimensions while tracing the goal shifts and trade-offs struck in the face of the enhanced legitimacy pressures the WTO and its Dispute Settlement System (DSS) confronted in this case. The chapter concludes by tying the goal-achievement patterns identified to the broader DSS goal-based effectiveness framework developed in the book.

Keywords:   trade-and disputes, trade and nontrade values, trade and environment, US-Shrimp, WTO legitimacy crisis, quest for legitimacy, WTO governance, WTO adjudication, judicial effectiveness, DSS legitimation goals

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