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Transnational Patriotism in the Mediterranean, 1800-1850Stammering the Nation$
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Konstantina Zanou

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198788706

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198788706.001.0001

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Conservative Liberalism and Pan-Christian Utopianism in Post-Napoleonic Europe

Conservative Liberalism and Pan-Christian Utopianism in Post-Napoleonic Europe

(p.94) 6 Conservative Liberalism and Pan-Christian Utopianism in Post-Napoleonic Europe
Transnational Patriotism in the Mediterranean, 1800-1850

Konstantina Zanou

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 focuses on the mystical atmosphere created by the Holy Alliance (1815) and on the hopes invested on Tsar Alexander I’s allegedly liberal and constitutional venture in the years around the Congress of Vienna. It shows how deeply anti-revolutionary European liberalism was at this time and argues that no matter how conservative, Kapodistrias’s political outlook fell within—and not outside—the spectrum of liberal politics as these were understood in Europe in the post-Napoleonic period. By focusing on the Holy Alliance’s application of a political theology based on the principle of ‘Christian fraternity’, the chapter shows, in addition, how, in this circle of Ionian and Phanariot intellectuals, visions of Pan-Christian utopian ecumenism were combined with the emerging idea of the nation.

Keywords:   Ioannis Kapodistrias, Alexander I, Holy Alliance, imperial nationalism, conservative liberalism, Orthodox ecumenism, pan-Christian utopianism, Bishop Ignatius, Alexandre Stourdza, Henri Grégoire

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