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Homer and the Poetics of Hades$
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George Alexander Gazis

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198787266

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198787266.001.0001

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The Dream of Achilles

The Dream of Achilles

(p.47) 2 The Dream of Achilles
Homer and the Poetics of Hades

George Alexander Gazis

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the dream scene of Iliad 23 is discussed and analysed. Following the argument about Hades’ invisibility in the Iliad, this chapter argues that Homer finds a way of bringing his audience in contact with the realm of the dead and, most importantly, with what happens to heroes after their career on the battlefield has ended. Homer allows the ghost of Patroclus to enter the scene of the Iliad by creating a hybrid dream/Underworld scene in which the necessary space for a manifestation of the dead can be found. Furthermore, once the dead Patroclus speaks, he introduces us to a narrative of self-pity and regret which will be developed fully in Odyssey 11 into the poetics of Hades.

Keywords:   Iliad 23, Hades, dead, Patroclus, dream, Odyssey 11

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