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Relativity in Modern Physics$
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Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198786399

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198786399.001.0001

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The Schwarzschild solution

The Schwarzschild solution

(p.455) 6 The Schwarzschild solution
Relativity in Modern Physics

Nathalie Deruelle

Jean-Philippe Uzan

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the Schwarzschild metric. To find the gravitational potential U produced by a spherically symmetric object in the Newtonian theory, it is necessary to solve the Poisson equation Δ‎U = 4π‎Gρ‎. Here, the matter density ρ‎ and U depend only on the radial coordinate r and possibly on the time t. Outside the source the solution is U = –GM/r, where M = 4π‎ ∫ ρ‎r2dr is the source mass. In general relativity the problem is to find the ‘spherically symmetric’ spacetime solutions of the Einstein equations, and the analog of the vacuum solution U = –GM/r is the Schwarzschild metric.

Keywords:   Schwarzschild metric, Schwarzschild solution, stellar structure, stars, constant density, gravitational collapse, black holes, Lemaître–Tolman–Bondi solution

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