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CalorimetryEnergy Measurement in Particle Physics$
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Richard Wigmans

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198786351

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198786351.001.0001

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Calibrating a Calorimeter System

Calibrating a Calorimeter System

(p.407) 6 Calibrating a Calorimeter System

Richard Wigmans

Oxford University Press

One of the most important aspects of operating a calorimeter is the calibration, i.e. determining the relationship between the deposited energy and the resulting signal. Segmenting the calorimeter into two or more longitudinal segments creates extremely complicated problems in this context. This is because the sampling fraction and the calorimeter response tend to change as the shower develops, in an energy dependent way. In this chapter, a large variety of methods that have been proposed and/or tried to deal with these problems are described. Almost all these methods have undesirable side effects, the consequences of which are discussed and illustrated with practical examples. The correct way to calibrate a calorimeter system is also described.

Keywords:   Calibration, longitudinal segmentation, consequences of miscalibration, off-line compensation, non-linearity

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