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The Leadership Capital IndexA New Perspective on Political Leadership$
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Mark Bennister, Ben Worthy, and Paul 't Hart

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198783848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198783848.001.0001

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The Leadership Capital of Italian Presidents

The Leadership Capital of Italian Presidents

The Politics of Constraint and Moral Suasion

Chapter:
(p.226) Chapter 12 The Leadership Capital of Italian Presidents
Source:
The Leadership Capital Index
Author(s):

Selena Grimaldi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198783848.003.0012

Recently, Italian presidents have become pivotal figures, deeply affecting the direction of the Italian political system, exercising influence far beyond their previous role as constitutional guardians. The aim of this chapter is to understand how Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, and Giorgio Napolitano have gained and spent ever greater amounts of power. The analysis is based on the LCI approach; however, the indicators used by Bennister et al. (2015) have been adapted both to the Italian context and to ‘institutionally’ constrained leaders. The LCI allows the traceability of power over time, revealing how each president has built on others’ strengths but all have encountered similar limits: while Italian presidents can spend their capital in focused areas, too overt attempts to act politically can erode their capital by damaging their perceived neutrality and moral probity.

Keywords:   presidents of parliamentary systems, Italian presidents, institutional leaders, moral suasion, politics of constraint

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