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Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists$
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Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198782957

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198782957.001.0001

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The Second Law of Thermodynamics

The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Chapter:
(p.267) 9 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
Source:
Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists
Author(s):

Dennis Sherwood

Paul Dalby

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0009

The Second Law. The definition of entropy, and its mathematical properties. The Clausius inequality, and the criterion of spontaneity of change in an isolated system. Worked examples of heat flow down a temperature gradient, and the adiabatic expansion of a gas into a vacuum. Combining the First and Second Laws, with worked examples, such as phase changes. Introduction to the Third Law of Thermodynamics. Introduction to T,S diagrams.

Keywords:   Second Law of Thermodynamics, entropy, Clausius inequality, the spontaneity of real changes, spontaneous heat flow, spontaneous adiabatic expansion, phase changes, Third Law of Thermodynamics, T, S diagrams

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