Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198782957

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198782957.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 August 2019

The bioenergetics of living cells

The bioenergetics of living cells

Chapter:
(p.711) 24 The bioenergetics of living cells
Source:
Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists
Author(s):

Dennis Sherwood

Paul Dalby

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0024

Living systems create order, and appear to break the Second Law. This chapter explains, and resolves, this apparent paradox, drawing on the concept of coupled reactions (as introduced in Chapters 13 and 16), as mediated by ‘energy currencies’ such as ATP and NADH. The chapter then examines the key energy-capturing systems in biological systems – glycolysis and the citric acid cycle, and also photosynthesis. Topics covered include how energy is captured in the conversion of glucose to pyruvate, the mitochondrial membrane, respiration, electron transport, ATP synthase, chloroplasts and thylakoids, photosystems I and II, and the light-independent reactions of photosynthesis.

Keywords:   living systems, creating order, energy capture, energy storage, coupled reaction, Second Law of Thermodynamics, metabolic pathway, pseudo-equilibrium, energy currency, ATP, ADP, NADH, NAD+, glycolysis, substrate level phosphorylation, TCA cycle, Krebs cycle, respiration, mitochondrion, mitochondrial membrane, electron transport, ATP synthase, chemi-osmotic potential, proton motive force, efficiency, photosynthesis, light, light reaction, light-independent reaction, chloroplast, thylakoid, chlorophyll, light-harvesting complex, photosystem I, photosystem II, reaction centre, non-cyclic phosphorylation, cyclic phosphorylation, CBB cycle, Calvin cycle, carbon dioxide fixation, RuBisCO

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .