- Title Pages
- Chapter 1 Sleep, health, and society
- Chapter 2 Principles of sleep–wake regulation
- Chapter 3 The function of sleep
- Chapter 4 Sleep and cognition
- Chapter 5 An overview of sleep–wake circuitry
- Chapter 6 The genetics of sleep
- Chapter 7 Sleep disorders
- Chapter 8 Sleep and cardio-metabolic disease
- Chapter 9 Sleep and respiratory disorders
- Chapter 10 Sleep and Neurological Disorders
- Chapter 11 Sleep and epilepsy—chicken or egg?
- Chapter 12 Sleep, inflammation, and disease
- Chapter 13 Sleep and pregnancy
- Chapter 14 Sleep in children
- Chapter 15 Loss of sleep or loss of dark?
- Chapter 16 Circadian rhythms, sleep, and anti-cancer treatments
- Chapter 17 Sleep and pain
- Chapter 18 Sleep in western culture
- Chapter 19 The sociology of sleep
- Chapter 20 Sleep and shift work
- Chapter 21 Drowsy driving
- Chapter 22 Sleep, work hours, and medical performance
- Chapter 23 The built environment and sleep
- Chapter 24 Adolescent sleep and later school start times
- Chapter 25 Sleep, law, and public policy<sup>a</sup>
- Chapter 26 Narcolepsy
Sleep and shift work
Sleep and shift work
- (p.179) Chapter 20 Sleep and shift work
- Sleep, Health, and Society
- Oxford University Press
The rapid development of modern society has resulted in a growing population of workers that have to work around the clock. However, working at different times comes at a cost. Night work is related to short sleep, increased fatigue, falling asleep at work, worse performance, and increased risk for injuries and accidents. Early morning work is also affected, but to a lesser extent. Working shifts can carry long-term health consequences such as an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease, endocrine and metabolic disturbances, cancer, and gastrointestinal disorders. However, the evidence is far from immaculate and there is a need for studies with better measures of exposure and more knowledge regarding why there are such large individual differences in tolerance to shift work. In addition, the negative consequences of shift work can be reduced by both organizational and individual countermeasures. The interactive effects of combining several countermeasures seem especially promising.
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