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Sleep, Health, and SocietyFrom Aetiology to Public Health$
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Francesco P. Cappuccio, Michelle A. Miller, Steven W. Lockley, and Shantha M. W. Rajaratnam

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198778240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198778240.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 April 2020

Sleep and shift work

Sleep and shift work

(p.179) Chapter 20 Sleep and shift work
Sleep, Health, and Society

John Axelsson

Mikael Sallinen

Tina Sundelin

Göran Kecklund

Oxford University Press

The rapid development of modern society has resulted in a growing population of workers that have to work around the clock. However, working at different times comes at a cost. Night work is related to short sleep, increased fatigue, falling asleep at work, worse performance, and increased risk for injuries and accidents. Early morning work is also affected, but to a lesser extent. Working shifts can carry long-term health consequences such as an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease, endocrine and metabolic disturbances, cancer, and gastrointestinal disorders. However, the evidence is far from immaculate and there is a need for studies with better measures of exposure and more knowledge regarding why there are such large individual differences in tolerance to shift work. In addition, the negative consequences of shift work can be reduced by both organizational and individual countermeasures. The interactive effects of combining several countermeasures seem especially promising.

Keywords:   shift work, sleep, sleepiness, fatigue, safety, health, countermeasures

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