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Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949$
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Fred L. Borch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777168.001.0001

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Conclusion

Conclusion

The Impact of the Trials on Indonesia and the Netherlands, and on the Development of the Law of International Armed Conflict

Chapter:
(p.228) Conclusion
Source:
Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949
Author(s):

Fred L. Borch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198777168.003.0014

The Dutch convened military tribunals, and prosecuted those responsible for war crimes during the occupation of the Netherlands East Indies, for one reason: To punish those who had murdered, tortured, and otherwise brutally mistreated the Dutch, Eurasian, Chinese, Indian, Malay, and Indonesian citizens of the colony. This chapter looks at the impact of the trials on Indonesia (and Indonesians) and on the Netherlands. It briefly discusses how war crimes committed by Dutch Army forces against Indonesians between 1946 and 1949 undermined the legitimacy of the war crimes tribunals in the eyes of some Indonesians. The chapter concludes by looking the influence of the temporary courts-martial proceedings on the development of the law of international armed conflict.

Keywords:   Republic of Indonesia, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, International Criminal Court, Treaty of Rome, Sukarno, death penalty, comparison of Netherlands East Indies trials with other Allied Powers, Bersiap, Bersiaptijd

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