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Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949$
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Fred L. Borch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777168.001.0001

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Aftermath

Aftermath

War Criminals Return to Japan

Chapter:
(p.221) 12 Aftermath
Source:
Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949
Author(s):

Fred L. Borch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198777168.003.0013

Days before Dutch sovereignty ended in the islands on December 27, 1949, those Japanese war criminals still serving prison sentences in the Netherlands East Indies were transferred to Japan, where they were to serve out their terms of imprisonment. This chapter discusses how the Dutch authorities arranged for the transfer of more than 600 convicted war criminals to Japan, and how these men fared back on Japanese soil. The Dutch had hoped that the Japanese who had been convicted would complete their sentences in Japan. This was not to be: The American occupation authorities immediately implemented a policy of clemency, with the result that every Japanese war criminal transferred from the NEI to Japan was free by 1958.

Keywords:   Sugamo prison, repatriation, Supreme Commander Allied Powers, International Military Tribunal for the Far East, war crimes trials in Yokohama, clemency for war criminals

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