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Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949$
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Fred L. Borch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777168.001.0001

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Trials for Violations of the Terms of the Armistice

Trials for Violations of the Terms of the Armistice

Chapter:
(p.169) 9 Trials for Violations of the Terms of the Armistice
Source:
Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949
Author(s):

Fred L. Borch

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198777168.003.0010

An armistice, also known as a truce or cease-fire, does not end a war; it merely suspends hostilities. After the Japanese surrender in August 1945, a number of Japanese soldiers violated the terms of the armistice—which required them to lay down their arms and cease fighting—and joined the Indonesian revolutionaries fighting for freedom from the Dutch. The NEI authorities were convinced that these Japanese soldiers were joining the revolutionaries in order to fulfill the “Asia for the Asians” goal for which Japan had gone to war. Fearful that Japanese support of the insurgency would make it more difficult to restore colonial rule, the Dutch prosecuted these individuals for the war crime of violating the terms of the armistice. The trials are unique in military legal history; no other nation has ever prosecuted this war crime.

Keywords:   armistice violations, cease-fire violations, guerrilla warfare, Japanese aid to Indonesian revolutionaries, “Asia for the Asians” philosophy

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