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Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period$
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Jennifer Cromwell and Eitan Grossman

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198768104

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198768104.001.0001

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κατὰ τὸ δυνατόν‎

κατὰ τὸ δυνατόν‎

Demotic–Greek Translation in the Archive of the Theban Choachytes

Chapter:
(p.211) 9 κατὰ τὸ δυνατόν‎
Source:
Scribal Repertoires in Egypt from the New Kingdom to the Early Islamic Period
Author(s):

Rachel Mairs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198768104.003.0009

Only a small number of documents from Ptolemaic Egypt preserve full translations into Greek of texts for which we also have the original in demotic. Several of these papyri come from the archive of the Theban choachytes, and relate to legal cases for which the original demotic legal documents had to be translated into Greek, to go before Greek courts in Egypt. This paper proposes that the quality of the Greek in these papyri, which has often been judged as poor, is a product, in part, of the translation process, and represents a bilingual translation strategy well known from other historical contexts.

Keywords:   Greek, demotic, papyri, Thebes, translation, bilingualism

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