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Freshwater Ecology and ConservationApproaches and Techniques$
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Jocelyne Hughes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198766384

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198766384.001.0001

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Wetland Plants and Aquatic Macrophytes

Wetland Plants and Aquatic Macrophytes

Chapter:
(p.173) 9 Wetland Plants and Aquatic Macrophytes
Source:
Freshwater Ecology and Conservation
Author(s):

Jocelyne M.R. Hughes

Beverley R. Clarkson

Ana T. Castro-Castellon

Laura L. Hess

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0009

Ecologists, conservationists, and managers frequently need to recognise and survey different aquatic plant species, vegetation types, plant communities, or habitat. It is, after all, the vegetation that defines the extent of a freshwater wetland. This chapter reviews the methods used to survey both ‘terrestrial’ and ‘aquatic’ freshwater plants and considers the approaches taken, some of the specialised equipment used, and technical expertise needed to conduct wetland vegetation surveys. The techniques and approaches used and associated sampling strategies are considered for field surveys; experiments including meso- and macrocosms; and surveys involving remote sensing techniques. The chapter ends by examining a series of examples that illustrate how different vegetation research questions in ecology, conservation, and management can be answered using a diversity of methods.

Keywords:   macrophytes, wetland plants, sampling strategy, remote sensing, mesocosms, quadrats, transects, bathyscope, grapnel, eDNA

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