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The History of Scottish Theology, Volume ICeltic Origins to Reformed Orthodoxy$
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David Fergusson and Mark W. Elliott

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198759331

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198759331.001.0001

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Sixteenth-Century Philosophy and Theology after John Mair

Sixteenth-Century Philosophy and Theology after John Mair

(p.109) 9 Sixteenth-Century Philosophy and Theology after John Mair
The History of Scottish Theology, Volume I

Giovanni Gellera

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates the concept and theological use of philosophy in Scotland after John Mair. Until the 1570s, philosophy in Scotland was in the tradition of scholasticism. After the Reformation, Melville’s university reform changed the philosophical landscape. Across Europe, the first generation of the Reformers had taught that scholasticism and Aristotle were not necessary for the Christian faith, and philosophers and theologians alike had to rethink the traditional scholasticism of Catholic legacy. This intellectual change is traced here with a focus on the role, scope, and autonomy of philosophy with respect to theology. After the dismissal of Aristotelo-scholasticism, both scholasticism and Aristotelianism survived in the universities in new forms adapted to Reformation theology. Aristotle in particular, regarded as the personification of unassisted natural reason, retained his importance. The status of Aristotle is a good indicator of the prevailing concept of philosophy.

Keywords:   John Mair, scholasticism, academic philosophy, Andrew Melville, Aristotelianism, Robert Rollock, Reformation theology

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