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The History of Scottish Theology, Volume ICeltic Origins to Reformed Orthodoxy$
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David Fergusson and Mark W. Elliott

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198759331

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198759331.001.0001

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John Ireland and the Transformation of Scotist Theology

John Ireland and the Transformation of Scotist Theology

(p.81) 7 John Ireland and the Transformation of Scotist Theology
The History of Scottish Theology, Volume I

Simon J. G. Burton

Oxford University Press

John Ireland was the most distinguished Scottish theologian of the fifteenth century. Significantly, his own theology was deeply impacted by that of John Duns Scotus, whom he was proud to acknowledge a fellow countryman. This chapter discusses Ireland’s theology, focusing on his transformation of key Scotist motifs. It reveals Ireland’s profound debt to a Scotistic pattern of perfect-being theology, both directly and indirectly through the mediation of Ramon de Sabunde, the controversial fifteenth-century member of the school of Ramon Lull. It also positions his complex discussion of grace and free will as a pastoral via media between an Augustinian-Scotist and Ockhamist account of predestination. Overall, Ireland’s distinctive theological synthesis represents a creative response to some of the key debates of late medieval theology, and one whose influence was felt on the next generation of Scottish theologians.

Keywords:   John Ireland, John Duns Scotus, Ramon de Sabunde, William of Ockham, perfect-being theology, grace, predestination

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