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The Alternatives to WarFrom Sanctions to Nonviolence$
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James Pattison

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198755203

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198755203.001.0001

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The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism

(p.211) 10 The Alternatives, Just War Theory, and Pacifism
The Alternatives to War

James Pattison

Oxford University Press

This chapter delineates the theoretical and practical implications of the preceding analysis. It first summarizes the case for each of the alternatives in turn, before considering the implications for war. In doing so, the chapter highlights the two central themes of the book: (1) there are several normative reasons in favour of the alternatives and (2) there are further objections to war. It argues that, although the preceding analysis appears to strengthen the case for pacifism (since there is more to the alternatives than it often seems), it also poses a challenge to it. The chapter then outlines the implications for the jus ad bellum principle of last resort. It defends an account of ‘Presumptive Last Resort’, which holds that war should be presumed to be the last feasible option. It also outlines five implications for the responsibility to protect doctrine.

Keywords:   Just War Theory, pacifism, responsibility to protect, R2P, last resort

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