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Word Order Change$
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Ana Maria Martins and Adriana Cardoso

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747307

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198747307.001.0001

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Particle-verb order in Old Hungarian and complex predicates

Particle-verb order in Old Hungarian and complex predicates

(p.107) 6 Particle-verb order in Old Hungarian and complex predicates
Word Order Change

Veronika Hegedűs

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the distribution of verbal particles in Old Hungarian, and argues that despite the word order change from SOV to SVO in Hungarian, the particle-verb order did not change because the previous pre-verbal argument position was reanalysed as a pre-verbal predicative position where complex predicates are formed in overt syntax. Predicative constituents other than particles show significant word order variation in Old Hungarian, apparently due to optionality in predicate movement (while variation found with particle-verb orderings can be attributed to independent factors). It is proposed that after the basic word order was reanalysed as VO, internal arguments and secondary predicates could appear post-verbally and it was the still obligatory movement of particles that triggered the generalization of predicate movement, making all predicates pre-verbal in neutral sentences at later stages. This process involves a period of word order variation as predicate movement gradually generalizes to different types of predicates.

Keywords:   particle, predicative constituents, complex predicates, word order change, predicate movement, word order variation

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