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New Work on Speech Acts$
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Daniel Fogal, Daniel W. Harris, and Matt Moss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198738831

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198738831.001.0001

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Force and Conversational States

Force and Conversational States

Chapter:
(p.202) 9 Force and Conversational States
Source:
New Work on Speech Acts
Author(s):

Sarah E. Murray

William B. Starr

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198738831.003.0009

This essay sketches an approach to speech acts in which mood does not semantically determine illocutionary force. The conventional content of mood determines the semantic type of the clause in which it occurs, and, given the nature of discourse, that type most naturally lends itself to serving as a particular type of speech act, that is, to serving as one of the three basic types of language game moves-making an assertion (declarative); posing a question (interrogative); or proposing to one’s addressee(s) the adoption of a goal (imperative). This type of semantics for grammatical mood is illustrated with the imperative.

Keywords:   speech acts, illocutionary force, grammatical mood, language game, imperative

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