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Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek$
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Katerina Chatzopoulou

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712404

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198712404.001.0001

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Developments in Hellenistic-Roman times and the Nonveridicality projection (third century BC to fourth century AD)

Developments in Hellenistic-Roman times and the Nonveridicality projection (third century BC to fourth century AD)

Chapter:
(p.99) 4 Developments in Hellenistic-Roman times and the Nonveridicality projection (third century BC to fourth century AD)
Source:
Negation and Nonveridicality in the History of Greek
Author(s):

Katerina Chatzopoulou

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198712404.003.0004

This chapter examines sentential negation during the Hellenistic Koine stage of Greek based on non-atticizing texts mainly from the first century BC to the second century AD. Structural developments of the language are presented that support a treatment for nonveridicality as encoded in a syntactic projection, independent from morphological mood and independent from complementizer position. A treatment of the licensing of polarity items is proposed—among which is the Greek NEG2—in terms of syntactic agreement. Nonveridical operators are taken to introduce the Nonveridicality Phrase (NONVERP) in syntax, encoding the observation that nonveridical environments tend to be morphologically marked in ways that can be distinct from mood marking. Furthermore, in the Koine Greek stage, NEG2 gets more specialized in its lexical negation function at the expense of NEG1, while Negative Concord structures get significantly reduced, a change that was linked to Greek word-order particulars.

Keywords:   nonveridicality projection, negative concord, syntactic agreement, word order shift, Koine Greek

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