This chapter introduces one source of special claims over natural resources, based upon ‘improvement’. It sketches a responsibility-catering principle which would underpin local claims over the economic value which is ‘added’ to a natural resource when it is improved. If the principle can be defended it might provide defenders of national claims over natural resources with an argument for reducing the scope o egalitarian redistribution across borders. The chapter, however, raises several doubts about responsibility-catering claims over ‘added value’. The upshot is that rather less flows from improvement—and indeed the distinction between improved and unimproved resources—than is sometimes thought to be the case.
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