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Justice and Natural ResourcesAn Egalitarian Theory$
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Chris Armstrong

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702726

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198702726.001.0001

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Equality and Its Critics

Equality and Its Critics

Chapter:
(p.29) 2 Equality and Its Critics
Source:
Justice and Natural Resources
Author(s):

Chris Armstrong

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198702726.003.0003

What constraints does justice impose on our appropriation, or our holdings, of natural resources? This chapter examines several competing answers to that question. It rejects right-libertarian and minimalist views on resource justice, and instead argues in favour of an egalitarian approach. It then moves on to address some important challenges to an egalitarian theory of resource justice. For instance, it is sometimes argued that the ‘resource curse’ shows that natural resource endowments make little difference to economic growth. If so, egalitarian interest in their distribution is misplaced. The chapter shows how egalitarians should respond to this challenge. It also addresses objections from relationist scholars of global justice, and from those who believe that individual nations or states might have special claims over the resources they control.

Keywords:   egalitarianism, minimalism, global justice, right-libertarianism, appropriation

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