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Arabic Historical DialectologyLinguistic and Sociolinguistic Approaches$
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Clive Holes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198701378

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198701378.001.0001

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The formation of the Egyptian Arabic dialect area

The formation of the Egyptian Arabic dialect area

Chapter:
(p.64) 3 The formation of the Egyptian Arabic dialect area
Source:
Arabic Historical Dialectology
Author(s):

Peter Behnstedt

Manfred Woidich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198701378.003.0003

This chapter deals with the sedentary dialects of Egypt, excluding the bedouin dialects of Sinai and the Libyan bedouin dialects on the Mediterranean coast. It attempts to combine historical information on the settlement of Arabic tribes in Egypt with accounts of present-day Egyptian dialects and those of the regions from which those tribes came, initially Yemen and the Levant, later Hejaz, and then the Maghreb. The diversity of the Egyptian Arabic dialect area is partly explained by external factors, namely different layers of arabization over centuries. It is also explained by internal factors, namely dialect contact, which implies phenomena such as hyperdialectisms. Egypt is seen as a dialect area in its own right, but one that shows phenomena of a transitional area between the Arab East and West. A case study of Alexandria deals with dialect death. The role of substrata is discussed, but is considered negligible.

Keywords:   bedouin settlement, dialect contact, Egyptian Arabic, Ḥiǧāzi Arabic, interdialectal form, Libyan Arabic, Palestinian Arabic, Coptic substrate, tribe and dialect, Yemeni Arabic

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