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War and Peace in SomaliaNational Grievances, Local Conflict and Al-Shabaab$
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Michael Keating and Matt Waldman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190947910

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190947910.001.0001

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Anatomy of Counter-Jihad

Anatomy of Counter-Jihad

Community Perspectives on Rehabilitation and Reconciliation

Chapter:
(p.379) Anatomy of Counter-Jihad
Source:
War and Peace in Somalia
Author(s):

Stig Jarle Hansen

Linnéa Gelot

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190947910.003.0034

This chapter considers how Al-Shabaab messaging can be best countered, drawing on field research in Mogadishu and Baidoa, focusing on the area of Bay/Bakool. It shows that lack of security, opportunity, and justice, combined with clan conflicts create conditions that Al-Shabaab can exploit. In Bay/Bakool, the group is seen as having semi-territorial control; in other words, a fairly regular presence despite intermittent deployments or patrols by forces of the Federal Government of Somalia and African Union Mission in Somalia. Thus, the involvement of sheikhs and clan elders is all the more important as they wield considerable influence in communities and can strengthen efforts of countering violent extremism (CVE). A wide, inclusive approach is recommended, drawing upon a combination of different types of religious leaders, in which Sufi, Shafi'i, and Quietist/non-political Wahhabism are represented.

Keywords:   Somalia, Al-Shabaab, extremism, Bakool, radicalization, clan elders, sheikhs

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