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Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus$
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Katja Maria Vogt and Justin Vlasits

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190946302

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190946302.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 July 2020

The Force of Assumptions and Self-Attributions

The Force of Assumptions and Self-Attributions

Chapter:
(p.116) 5 The Force of Assumptions and Self-Attributions
Source:
Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus
Author(s):

Peter Pagin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0006

This essay provides a general, abstract characterization of the content-force connection: the force of an utterance applies the content to the actual index of evaluation, for instance the actual world. It then considers two possible counterexamples to this general connection: Sextus Empiricus’ claim that talk about appearances is not assertoric, despite being concerned with the actual world, and that assumptions made in arguments concern the actual world, despite lacking assertoric force. The chapter notes that by modern standards, talk about appearance is assertoric. It also argues that, contrary to appearance, assumptions do not concern the actual world. The possible counterexamples are therefore not real.

Keywords:   appearance, actuality, assertion, assumption, content, evaluation, force, index

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