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Sanctuary CitiesThe Politics of Refuge$
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Loren Collingwood and Benjamin Gonzalez O'Brien

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190937027

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190937027.001.0001

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Sanctuary Cities, Crime, and Incorporation

Sanctuary Cities, Crime, and Incorporation

Chapter:
(p.118) 5 Sanctuary Cities, Crime, and Incorporation
Source:
Sanctuary Cities
Author(s):

Loren Collingwood

Benjamin Gonzalez O’Brien

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190937027.003.0006

One of the chief complaints raised against sanctuary cities is that they can increase crime, while one argument in their favor is that they can increase the incorporation of Latino and immigrant communities. This chapter analyzes both the positive and negative effects of sanctuary polices, finding that these policies have no effect on crime rates when comparable cities are compared to one another and when crime rates pre/post sanctuary are examined. The findings show that sanctuary policies can have positive effects, potentially increasing both Latino voter turnout and police force representation. While sanctuary policies are found to have few downsides and potential positive benefits, antisanctuary legislation like Texas’s SB4 are found to have a negative effect. In high-immigrant areas, antisanctuary legislation is found to depress the number of 911 calls, suggesting that antisanctuary legislation does in fact reduce crime reporting, as opponents claim.

Keywords:   immigration policy, sanctuary cities, crime rates, Latino politics, political incorporation, immigrant criminality

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