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The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual$
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Sonja A. Rasmussen and Richard A. Goodman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190933692

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190933692.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 December 2019

Acute Enteric Disease Outbreaks

Acute Enteric Disease Outbreaks

Chapter:
(p.421) 23 Acute Enteric Disease Outbreaks
Source:
The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual
Author(s):

Ian T. Williams

Laura Whitlock

Matthew E. Wise

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0023

Public health officials investigate outbreaks to control them, to prevent additional illnesses, and to learn how to prevent similar outbreaks in the future. The process the public health community uses to detect, investigate, and control enteric (intestinal) disease outbreaks from food, water, and other sources involves certain procedural steps. These include detecting a possible outbreak, defining and finding cases, generating hypotheses about likely sources, testing the hypotheses and evaluating evidence, finding contamination sources, controlling the outbreak, and determining when the outbreak is over. Investigating outbreaks of acute enteric diseases can be a dynamic and complex undertaking involving multiple public health and regulatory partners in different jurisdictions. This chapter provides an overview of the investigation process with an emphasis on multijurisdictional foodborne illness investigations in the United States.

Keywords:   acute enteric disease outbreaks, foodborne disease outbreaks, waterborne disease outbreaks, hypothesis generation, shotgun questionnaire, PulseNet

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