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The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual$
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Sonja A. Rasmussen and Richard A. Goodman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190933692

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190933692.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 December 2019

Healthcare Settings

Healthcare Settings

Chapter:
(p.341) 18 Healthcare Settings
Source:
The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual
Author(s):

Bryan E. Christensen

Ryan P. Fagan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0018

Healthcare-associated infections (e.g., bloodstream, respiratory tract, urinary tract, or surgical site) can be common in patients. Patients receiving acute and chronic healthcare across various settings, such as hospitals, dialysis clinics, and nursing homes, tend to have comorbidities that make them more susceptible to infection than their counterparts in the general community. Also, some pathogens may be more likely to cause infection in healthcare settings because of the unique exposures that patients can experience, such as invasive procedures or indwelling medical devices. Similar to community outbreak investigations, the primary purpose of an investigation in a healthcare setting is to determine the source of the outbreak, define mode of transmission, disrupt disease transmission, and prevent further transmission.

Keywords:   cross-infection, healthcare quality assurance, infection control, infection control practitioners, confidentiality, patient isolation

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