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Politics in the MarketplaceWork, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France$
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Katie Jarvis

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190917111

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190917111.001.0001

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Occupying the Marketplace

Occupying the Marketplace

The Battle over Public Space, Particular Interests, and the Body Politic

Chapter:
(p.81) 3 Occupying the Marketplace
Source:
Politics in the Marketplace
Author(s):

Katie Jarvis

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190917111.003.0004

This chapter analyzes the economically crucial and conceptually volatile debates over public space in the marketplace. It traces how the king’s public domain became national domain and how this transformation affected the ways that citizens pursued particular interests in les Halles. During the Old Regime, the king had issued an edict that permitted some especially indigent Dames to secure market spots before other retailers. He had also granted one company the privilege of renting shelters to these qualified Dames before others. However, when the private company attempted to renew its royal contract during the Revolution, clashes arose over the right to and regulation of public domain. During the disputes, the Dames who were not advantaged by the king’s edict seized new practices of citizenship to claim shelters and trading places. They harnessed revolutionary discourses to mark the earth as national property, attack monopoly-holders as privileged leeches, and secure economic exemptions based on their work’s public utility. As they justified their personal profits on public space, the Dames staked out their place in the body politic.

Keywords:   marketplace, public domain, privilege, rent, particular interest, commercial permission, public utility, market regulation, monopoly, contract

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